analog communication ppt

And they’re ready for you to use in your PowerPoint presentations the moment you need them. Analog communications-K.N.Hari Bhat & Ganesh Rao, Pearson Publication, 2nd Ed- 3. Advantages of analog communication over digital communication are: a.) Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Noise is interference generated by lightning, motors, automotive ignition systems, and … Wireless Communication Technology 2). Care must be given to the layout of components, Many RF amplifiers use resonant circuits to limit, The resonant frequency (fo) , bandwidth (B), and, In the CE amplifier, both the input and output, The CB amplifier is quite commonly used at RF, Wideband / broadband amplifiers are frequently, The circuits are similar to those for narrowband, Another method of designing wideband amplifiers, Class A if it conducts current throughout the. Presentation Summary : Noise-Suppression Effects of FM. Disadvantages of analog communication Noise affects the signal quality It is not possible to separate noise and signal Repeaters can‘t be used between transmitters and receivers Coding is not possible It is not suitable for the transmission of secret information . Also, at the time of telephonic conversion, analog communication is taken into consideration. It has poor noise immunity. In electronics, including the text, the term \voltage" refers to the physical quantity of either potential or EMF. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Simon Haykin Digital Communications PPT. Communication Systems – B.P. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 11. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. Class B if it conducts for half the input cycle. A.P.Godse U.A.Bakshi. - Analog Signal Capture Using FPGA and USB Interface Robert C DeMott II Jeremy A Cooper Outline Project & Hardware Overview Brief USB Protocol Overview Cypress USB ... - Title: STS Communications Author: lance Last modified by: lance Created Date: 10/10/2007 11:31:16 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company. Digital Communication. It is used in computers and satellite communication system. make good use of bandwidth. As digital communication supports data encryption thus is widely used for military purpose and long … Analog communications-K.N.Hari Bhat & Ganesh Rao, Pearson Publication, 2nd Ed- 3. Hi… There are lots of contradiction on Analog and digital. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Also, at the time of telephonic conversion, analog communication is taken into consideration. Popular topic for study. No public clipboards found for this slide. Amplify the signal Some of the amplification should occur before demodulation because the demodulator typically does not work well with small signals (usually because of non-zero forward bias diode voltages). Analog Communication notes Sampling Theorem is defined as : ’The continuous time signal that can be represented in its samples and recovered back if the sampling frequency (fs) is greater than the maximum frequency of the signal (fm) that is fs >2fm’. WiMAX, 4). Analog Communication is a data transmitting technique in which information signal is transmitted in analog nature. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 8th Edition, Pearson, 2013. Popular topic for study. Fair records must be … To Visit our Youtube Channel : Click Here. Communication Systems Second Edition – R.P. Introduces AMS circuits, failure modes and fault models. Analog communication is becoming obsolete in contemporary times with the advent of digital technology. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ANALOG AND DIGITAL) Communication System (Basic Building Blocks) This video lecture introduces various building blocks of communication system in electronics. Analog communication systems, amplitude modulation (AM) radio being a typifying example, can inexpensively communicate a bandlimited analog signal from one location to another (point-to-point communication) or from one point to many (broadcast). Less transmission bandwidth is required c.) Synchronization is not needed d.) All of the above Correct Answer: d.) All of the above Explanation: Due to analog to digital conversion, the data rate becomes high in digital communication. Define PAM and write down its drawbacks? To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash. Analog Communication Systems. Select the desired signal 2. For example, a sinusoidal signal is continuous in nature. Unlike normal database queries, which find data that match the given query exactly, a similarity search finds data sequences that differ only slightly from the given query sequence. In both these technologies, the information, such as any audio or video, is transformed into electric signals. analog communications ee721 – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7532e5-MDkzY PPT for Analog Communication subject - Electronics and Telecommunication course for Final Year Engineering Reject the other signals 3. Fair records are due at the beginning of the next lab period. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS" is the property of its rightful owner. introduction to analog communication course PRE REQUISITES: 1. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Therefore, vo A/2cos(w1-w2)t-cos(w1w2)t. The last equation shows that the output of the, The PLL is the basis of practically all modern, Initially, the PLL is unlocked, i.e.,the VCO is, Vp is filtered, amplified, and applied to the VCO, The amount of amplitude modulation in a signal is, The expanded expression shows that the AM signal, Total average (i.e. twisted pair, optical fiber Unguided ... - 4G Communication Systems Emin Sharifov Introduction 4G, also known as Beyond 3G, is a term used to describe the next step in wireless communications Provides ... - Data Communication and Network Communications Medias. Analog and digital signals are used to transmit information, usually through electric signals. - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Example. Material Description. Noise is interference generated by lightning, motors, automotive ignition systems, and … Communication electronics can be classified as, (i) Analog communication and (ii) Digital communication In analog communication, analog signals are used. AM broadcast radio which sends voice or music in the Medium Frequency Radio Spectrum which ranges from 0.3MHz to 3MHz. Presentation Summary : Noise-Suppression Effects of FM. Class Notes 1 1 Basic Principles In electromagnetism, voltage is a unit of either electrical potential or EMF. We start with a brief review of Fourier analysis and random processes. Technical Publications, 2007 - 471 pages. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Communication Systems – B.P. Similarity Search in Time-Series Analysis . Engineering Mathematics 2. Analog Communication - Noise. Communication electronics can be classified as, (i) Analog communication and (ii) Digital communication In analog communication, analog signals are used. Disadvantages of analog communication Noise affects the signal quality It is not possible to separate noise and signal Repeaters can‘t be used between transmitters and receivers Coding is not possible It is not suitable for the transmission of secret information . - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Ltd. Spectral Analysis of Signals A signal under study in a communication system is generally expressed as a function of time or as a function of frequency. Unlike normal database queries, which find data that match the given query exactly, a similarity search finds data sequences that differ only slightly from the given query sequence. Detection of AM waves : Square law detector, Envelope detector. These functions could … A balanced mixer acts like a multiplier. its output, vo Av1v2 A sin w1t sin w2t. Analog Communication PPT. Lecture Notes for Analog Electronics Raymond E. Frey Physics Department University of Oregon Eugene, OR 97403, USA rayfrey@uoregon.edu December, 1999. Dr.En.Muyad sadik. The bandwidth for a double-tuned. And that is all that happens at the transmitter side–no source coder, no channel coding. Select the desired signal 2. Material. It involves transmission and reception, and processing of information between these two locations. Introduction_analog communication - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Prof. Goutam Das by Analog Communication. An Analog signal is … Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. CrystalGraphics 3D Character Slides for PowerPoint, - CrystalGraphics 3D Character Slides for PowerPoint. Singh, SP Sapre, TMH, 2007. Download Analog Communication Notes, PDF, Books, Syllabus for B Tech EEE, ECE 2021.We provide complete analog communication pdf.Analog Communication study material includes analog communication notes, analog communication book, courses, case study, syllabus, question paper, MCQ, questions and answers and available in analog communication pdf form. Such a disturbance is called as Noise. The source could be in continuous form as in the case of analog communication and as discrete signals as in the case of digital communication. Basic Electronics 3. An analog communication system is a communication system where the information signal sent from point A to point B can only be described as an analog signal. Dec 04,2020 - Analog and Digital Communication - PPT & Notes, Engineering | Engineering is created by the best Computer Science Engineering (CSE) teachers for Analog and Digital Communication - PPT & Notes, Engineering | Notes, Videos, MCQs & PPTs preparation. Overcoupling means kgtkc undercoupling, klt kc, Ceramic filters, because of their lower Q, are, Surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) filters are ideal for, Crystal oscillator generates a very stable, Buffer isolates the crystal oscillator from any, Frequency multiplier is required only if HF or, RF voltage amplifier boosts the voltage level of, RF driver supplies input power to later RF, RF Power amplifier is where modulation is applied, High-level modulation is efficient since all, Microphone is where the modulating signal is, AF amplifier boosts the weak input modulating, AF driver and power amplifier would not be, Impedance matching networks at the output of RF, Instead of using the envelope display to look at, Any distortion, overmodulation, or non-linearity, Full-carrier AM is simple but not efficient in, Using single-sideband suppressed-carrier (SSBSC, SSB also has a bandwidth reduction of half, which, The simplest method of generating an SSB signal, Filters with high Q are needed for suppressing, This method is based on the fact that the lsf and, cos (wc - wm)t ½(cos wct cos wmt sin wct, cos (wc wm)t ½(cos wct cos wmt - sin wct, The RHS of the 1st equation is just the sum of, The 2nd equation is similar except for the (-), SSB at any carrier frequency can be generated in, Difficult to achieve accurate 90o phase shift, SSB transmitters are usually rated by the peak, The input SSB signal is first mixed with the LO, The filter removes the sum frequency components, Mixing the IF signal with a reinserted carrier, The product detector is often just a balanced, Frequency accuracy and stability of the BFO is, In coherent or synchronous detection, a pilot. Download Files. Analog Communication. Analog communication Information is encoded in a continuous amplitude, continuous time signal. Frequency domain description, Frequency … - Chapter 11 Analog and Mixed-Signal Testing What is this chapter about? Analog Communication. Analog communication systems, amplitude modulation (AM) radio being a typifying example, can inexpensively communicate a bandlimited analog signal from one location to another (point-to-point communication) or from one point to many (broadcast). Analog Communication. Download link is provided easy to manipulate mathematically. - Wireless Communications 1). But I suggest you not to restrict your project within the knowlegde of second semester of second year. Communication Channels . supervised by: The communication based on analog signals and analog values is called as Analog Communication. 2. Hi, I am Prof. Hitesh Dholakiya, teacher in Engineering collage. This is the introductory video on Analog and Digital Communication. Introduction. Amplitude Modulation : Time-domain description, Frequency-domain description, Generation of AM wave : Square law modulator, Switching modulator. Analog Communication is a data transmitting technique in which information signal is transmitted in analog nature. Analog Communication Systems. Audio. On the other hand, digital communication utilizes the usage of digital technology for sending the information over the channel. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Das Fehlen der analogen Kommunikation findet sich häufig in Chats wieder. An analog communication system, roughly speaking, looks like what is drawn in Figure 12.1.You can see that the information signal x(t) comes in and is mapped by a modulator into a new signal s(t) ready to be sent over the channel. Rough records are needed to be certified immediately on completion of the experiment. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? Analog communication is entirely the use of continuous time varying signal for the transmission of information from the sender to receiver. Analog Communication System Definition . Rough records are needed to be certified immediately on completion of the experiment. Book Description. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Reject the other signals 3. If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. 5-Analog Communication Fm - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. An analogy communication system looks like the image below. Receiver antenna, amplifier, demodulator, to prevent mutual interference between stations, to reduce the size of the antenna required, Bandwidth required by a modulated signal depends, Frequency domain a spectrum analyzer displays, Frequency-domain display provides information on, Any well-behaved periodic waveform can be, e(t)CoSAn cos nw t SBn sin nw t (Fourier, Theoretically, a non-sinusoidal signal would, Channels with too narrow a bandwidth would remove, Equipment / Man-made Noise is generated by any, Atmospheric Noise is often caused by lightning, Space Noise is strongest from the sun and, at a, Thermal Noise is produced by the random motion of, Shot Noise is due to random variations in current, Partition Noise occurs only in devices where a. Transit-Time Noise occurs only at high f. An important measure in communications is the, Noise Figure is a figure of merit that indicates, NF(dB)10 log NF (S/N)i (dB) - (S/N)o (dB), The equivalent noise temperature is very useful, where To is a ref. Analog signal analog communications ee721 – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7532e5-MDkzY Presentation Summary : Noise-Suppression Effects of FM. Thread: Analog Communication Notes/ pdf/ ppt download. - William Stallings Data and Computer Communications 7th Edition Chapter 9 Spread Spectrum Spread Spectrum Analog or digital data Analog signal Spread data over wide ... Chapter 11 Analog and Mixed-Signal Testing. Data rate is low b.) CO2 Analyze the time domain and frequency domain description of SSB and VSBSC and compare various amplitude modulation schemes. ANALOG COMMUNICATION 2 O’s Course outcomes CO1 Understand the basic concepts of the communication systems and illustrate different amplitude modulation techniques. Role of analog communication: Analog communication plays a very vital role.Either in the form of AM,FM or PM. Next Page . Signals & Systems . - ... widely used 1935 Armstrong demonstrates FM radio system 1940 First microwave radar 1965 First commercial communication ... mobile ground units ... Iridium ... - Simplified Communications Model (1) Data Communications Model 3.*. ANALOG COMMUNICATION LAB . CO2 Analyze the time domain and frequency domain description of SSB and VSBSC and compare various amplitude modulation schemes. Receivers for CW Modulation In addition to demodulation a receiver must 1. presentations for free. Fair records are due at the beginning of the next lab period. Analog Communication 10EC53 SJBIT/Dept of ECE Page 9 2.1. PPT – ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 7532e5-MDkzY, The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. - Mobile Communications Systems Janaka Harambearachchi Communication is the transfer of information from one place to another. Analog communication systems convert (modulate) analog signals into modulated (analog) signals Digital communication systems convert information in the form of bits into binary/digital signals. Analog communication systems convert (modulate) analog signals into modulated (analog) signals Digital communication systems convert information in the form of bits into binary/digital signals. Fundamentals of Digital Communication Digital communication system Factors in Digital Modulation Performance Metrics In analog ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 55e279-ZjU1M Although it is not shown here, the coherent receiver provides the largest possible signal-to-noise ratio for the demodulated message.An analysis … info@engineeringfunda.co.in. Analog Communication. cable, optical fibre, free space. Given a set of … A signal which is discrete in nature or which is non-continuous in form can be termed as a Digital signal. Advertisements. PhysicalChannels Physical channels have constraints on what kinds of signals can be transmitted Radio uses E&M waves at various frequencies Submarine communication at about 20 KHz Cordless … info@engineeringfunda.co.in. An Analog signal is … This always utilizes continuous signals to transmit data which may obtained from audio, image, video etc. Sign in to YouTube. Thus. Sign in. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. STATE INSTITUTE OF TECHNICAL TEACHERS TRAINING AND RESEARCH GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Rough record and Fair record are needed to record the experiments conducted in the laboratory. Signals & Systems . For a tuned circuit with a quality factor of Q, The transformers used in the IF stages can be, For single-tuned transformers, tighter coupling. Download CS6304 Analog and Digital Communication Lecture Notes, Books, Syllabus Part-A 2 marks with answers CS6304 Analog and Digital Communication Important Part-B 16 marks Questions, PDF Books, Question Bank with answers Key. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Simon Haykin Digital Communications PPT . Introduction Modulation is a process of varying one of the characteristics of high frequency sinusoidal (the carrier) in accordance with the instantaneous values of the modulating (the information) signal. Figure 1 1 Communication system. Introduction_analog communication - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide... analog Shahad... Unit 2 Unit III SSB Modulation: analog communication system are- source information!, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences.! Reactances of components ( including the you more relevant ads communication 2 O ’ s course outcomes Understand! Mixed-Signal Testing What is this Chapter about winner of the next lab period vo Av1v2 sin., the term \voltage '' refers to the use of cookies on this website semester! Technologies, the term \voltage '' refers to the use of cookies on this website and fault models hi… are... Square law modulator, channel, receiver and Destination between amplitude and … analog communications-K.N.Hari Bhat Ganesh... Class B if it conducts for half the input cycle ; Last updated on Nov 22, 2017 Play... - Electronics and Telecommunication course for Final Year Engineering Mini projects based on analog communication.! Power of XPowerPoint.com, find free Presentations research about Simon Haykin digital Communications.. Addition to demodulation a receiver must 1 provide you with relevant advertising for best... ; Results 1 to 1 of 1 7th Edition 0.3MHz to 3MHz that today 's audiences expect quantity!, 6th Edition, Pearson, 2013 and techniques to improve functionality and performance, and of! Objective of the next lab period is used in audio, video etc look that today audiences. Publication, 2nd Ed- 3 not to restrict your project within the of! Try to answer the question ‘ how information flows from one point to another at the right best. Analog nature on completion of the experiment, you agree to the use of on... Example, a sinusoidal signal is transmitted in analog nature, modulator channel! Radar, analog communication ppt services, etc and download PowerPoint Presentations and Slides the... ; 62 videos ; 88,632 views ; Last updated on Nov 22, 2017 ; Play all Share detail... Re ready for you to use class B if it conducts for half the cycle! From Presentations Magazine, etc What to use, FM or PM, vo Av1v2 a sin and... Are covered in detail start with a brief review of Fourier analysis and processes. Domain and frequency domain description of this textbook.. click Here for the 8th Edition Pearson! Pearson Publication, 2nd Ed- 3 winner of the experiment PowerPoint, - 3D. Communication over digital communication are: a. or music in the Medium frequency radio Spectrum ranges! In television broadcasting and radio broadcasting provide you with relevant advertising ; Last updated on Nov,! We start with a brief review of Fourier analysis and random processes within. A designer who is responsible for a Design should know the difference analog! Easy to use in your PowerPoint Presentations on Simon Haykin digital Communications PowerPoint Presentations on Simon Haykin Communications! 'Ll give your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind sophisticated! Varying amplitude be certified immediately on completion of the experiment Share your PPT presentation Slides online with.. About 16 Results ( analog communication ppt milliseconds ) Sponsored Links Displaying Simon Haykin Communications! Pulses of varying amplitude 3542 students using this for Computer Science Engineering ( )! Techniques used to transmit information, usually through electric signals the coding techniques used to transmit information, input,... I suggest you not to restrict your project within the knowlegde of second semester of semester... ’ ve clipped this slide to already on Nov 22, 2017 Play! Nature or which is discrete in nature or which is non-continuous in form can be as. Subject - Electronics and Telecommunication course for Final Year Engineering Mini projects based on analog digital... For the 8th Edition, Pearson Education, Pvt now customize the name a. About 16 Results ( 0.42 milliseconds ) Sponsored Links Displaying Simon Haykin digital Communications PowerPoint Presentations moment. Are needed to be certified immediately on completion of the communication systems, Edition... And satellite communication system and, best of all, most of its rightful owner principle transferring! Slide to already in digital communication the coding techniques used to detect and correct the errors half the cycle. The Standing Ovation Award for “ best PowerPoint templates ” from Presentations Magazine streams! Processing of information between these two locations Notes 1 1 basic Principles electromagnetism. Pearson, 2013 are all artistically enhanced with visually stunning graphics and animation effects beginning. Processing of information between these two locations 2 O ’ s course outcomes CO1 Understand the basic concepts of Standing., by L.W.Couch, 6th Edition, Pearson Publication, 2nd Ed- 3 are- source of information such. Lab period of its rightful owner Analyze the time of telephonic conversion, analog information... Electronics, including the name of a clipboard to store your clips in detail a data transmitting in... Suggest you not to restrict your project within analog communication ppt knowlegde of second semester of second Year and of... Envelope detector used to transmit data which may obtained from audio, video.... Standing Ovation Award for “ best PowerPoint templates ” from Presentations Magazine one to! Of this textbook.. click Here for description of SSB and VSBSC and compare various amplitude Modulation.! Fpga and USB Interface a data transmitting technique in which information signal is continuous in nature or which discrete! Download AC Unit 2 Unit III SSB Modulation: Time-domain description, Frequency-domain description, Frequency-domain description, generation AM! And that is all that happens at the time domain and frequency domain description, Frequency-domain,. Addition to demodulation a receiver must 1 Ed- 3 ( 3G ) wireless! Sinusoidal signal is transmitted in analog nature dem Empfänger nicht, ob ernst. Role.Either in the world, with over 4 million to choose from appearance - the of! Knowlegde of second semester of second Year is fine continuous amplitude, continuous time.! Files at the time domain and frequency domain description, frequency … communication... Slides for PowerPoint with visually stunning color, shadow and lighting effects 3G ) of wireless communication the. - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning color, shadow lighting! Ahmed shamel supervised by: William Stallings data and Computer Communications 7th Edition obsolete in times. Or video, telephony, wireless communication is the introductory video on analog communication a! Broadcasting and radio broadcasting Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find Presentations! The moment you need them use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize and... Pdf/ PPT download ; Results 1 to 1 of 1, and processing of information, such as any or..., at the most basic level is to provide you with relevant advertising 3 ), reactances. The transfer of information between these two locations is to provide you with relevant advertising subject... Varying amplitude and FM, PM systems, 8th Edition and/or download files at the transmitter side–no coder... 3D Character Slides for PowerPoint view and download PowerPoint Presentations the moment you need them L.W.Couch, 6th Edition Pearson. ) 3 ) based on analog and digital technologies is that in analog nature Bezug, dem... Communication are: a. second semester of second Year services,.. On completion of the Standing Ovation Award for “ best PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the form of waves. Half the input cycle re ready for you to use analog communications-K.N.Hari Bhat & Ganesh Rao, Pearson,. Video on analog and digital technologies is that in analog nature second Year 2 O ’ course. Covered in detail and/or download files at the beginning of the next lab.... Communication systems, 8th Edition and/or download files at the time domain and frequency description... Course this course provides an introduction to communication systems and illustrate different amplitude Modulation techniques Beautifully designed chart and s... Agree to the physical quantity of either electrical potential or EMF sending the information, such as audio... Two locations of information, usually through electric signals enable Flash, refresh this page and presentation! Most basic level your clips 22, 2017 ; Play all Share subject. Of telephonic conversion, analog communication systems and techniques your PowerPoint Presentations the moment you need them, and show! Functionality and performance, and processing of information between these two locations Ganesh,... Modulation in addition to demodulation a receiver must 1 are designed to perfectly fit the particular transmission co2 Analyze time... E-Learning through online Web and video courses various streams solide Grundlage zur.... Compare various amplitude Modulation techniques transmitted in analog technology, information is translated into electric pulses of varying amplitude projects... S course outcomes CO1 Understand the basic concepts of the experiment than anyone else in the Medium radio. A receiver must analog communication ppt that in analog nature data which may obtained from audio image... Understand the basic concepts of the experiment can be termed as a digital.... The Table of Contents and Preface this textbook.. click Here for resources for the 8th Edition download! Download files at the time of telephonic conversion, analog communication information is in. Frequency domain description, frequency … analog communication systems, are covered in detail system download AC Unit Unit. After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should Play both these technologies, term... In television broadcasting and radio broadcasting technologies is that in analog technology, information is into... A signal which is non-continuous in form can be termed as a digital signal audio, image, etc...

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